Dengue fever has become an important factor in Pakistan as it is a relatively new disease compared to malaria. In some parts of Pakistan, the number of people with dengue fever has increased at least tenfold in the past 15 years.
As of October 2019, more than 19,000 cases of dengue infection and 30 deaths have been reported by the National Institutes of Health, Pakistan. From 1995 to 2019 there were approximately 147,200 cases of dengue infection and more than 800 deaths.
The Ministry of Health confirmed that the first dengue fever case of 2021 was reported from Rawalpindi Hospital to the Fauji Foundation.
Government officials said they took action against the dengue in a timely manner. In the past 10 days, more than 14,000 households have been monitored for the dengue virus, health officials said.
Dengue larvae have found in 25 homes so far, they said.
Dengue fever is a viral infection cause by four types of viruses (DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, DENV-4) belong the Flaviviridae family. The virus transmits through the bite of female mosquitoes infected with Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Which feed themselves both indoors and outdoors during the day (from morning to evening).
These mosquitoes breed in standing water such as puddles, water tanks, containers, and used tires.
In some cases, dengue infection is asymptomatic people do not show symptoms. Those who have symptoms of illness between 4 and 7 days after the bite. This infection is characterized by flu-like symptoms such as sudden fever, pain behind the eyes, muscle, joint, and bone pain, severe headache, and a rash with red spots. Treatment includes maintenance therapy for symptoms. No antiviral treatment is available.